This document describes how to reconfigure the default language and the keyboard layout on various distributions so that they suit your location. I made this howto for our VMware images where the keyboard layout is always set to German and a few users have problems to configure the language and keyboard layout on these images.
This howto is a practical guide without any warranty – it doesn’t cover the theoretical backgrounds. There are many ways to set up such a system – this is the way I chose.
1 Preliminary Note
If you’re using a system with a desktop environment like Gnome or KDE you should use its tools to configure the default language and the keyboard layout. In the following steps I’ll show you how to change the default language and the keyboard layout within the console on various distributions.
2 Fedora 8 Server / CentOS 5.x
2.1 Default Language
2.2 Keyboard Layout
3 Debian Etch Server
3.1 Default Language
3.2 Keyboard Layout
4 Ubuntu 7.10 Server
4.1 Default Language
sudo set-language-env -E
4.2 Keyboard Layout
sudo dpkg-reconfigure console-setup
5 Mandriva 2008 Server
5.1 Default Language
5.2 Keyboard Layout
6 Suse 10.X Server
6.1 Default Language
Select “System” on the left side and then “Language” on the right side. Change the language and save the settings with “Accept”
6.2 Keyboard Layout
Select “Hardware” on the left side and then “Keyboard Layout” on the right side. Change the keyboard layout and save the settings with “Accept“.
- Fedora: http://fedoraproject.org/
- Debian: http://www.debian.org/
- Ubuntu: http://www.ubuntu.com/
- Mandriva: http://www.mandriva.com/
- Suse: http://www.opensuse.org/