This tutorial shows how you can enable Compiz Fusion on an Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid Lynx) desktop (the system must have a 3D-capable graphics card – I’m using an NVIDIA GeForce FX 5200 here). With Compiz Fusion you can use beautiful 3D effects like wobbly windows or a desktop cube on your desktop.
This document comes without warranty of any kind! I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
I have tried this on a desktop computer with an NVIDIA GeForce FX 5200. It should work the same way with all other NVIDIA graphics cards.
2 Enabling The NVIDIA Driver
To use 3D effects on an NVIDIA graphics card, we need the proprietary NVIDIA driver which we can install from the Hardware Drivers tool. The Hardware Drivers tool can be started from System > Administration > Hardware Drivers:
The Hardware Drivers tool should tell you that there are NVIDIA graphics drivers available for your system – select the recommended one. To install it, click on Activate:
Type in your password:
Afterwards the NVIDIA driver is being downloaded and installed:
The Hardware Drivers tool should now tell you that a system restart is required to activate the driver. Click on Close to leave the Hardware Drivers tool…
… and then reboot the system:
After the reboot the system uses the proprietary NVIDIA graphics driver.
3 Installing Simple Compizconfig Settings Manager (simple-ccsm)
Open the Synaptic Package Manager (System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager):
Select the package simple-ccsm (simple Compizconfig settings manager) and install it:
4 Configuring Compiz Fusion
Go to System > Preferences > Appearance…
… and select Custom on the Visual Effects tab. To configure Compiz Fusion, you can now either click on the Preferences button…
… or you go to System > Preferences > CompizConfig Settings Manager:
Both will bring up the CompizConfig Settings Manager. You can now configure Compiz Fusion to your likings:
5 Keyboard Shortcuts
Here’s a list of the most common Compiz Fusion keyboard shortcuts. If they work for you depends on what effects you enabled in the CompizConfig Settings Manager.
SUPER+SHIFT+DRAG LEFT MOUSE = draw fire
SUPER+SHIFT+C = clear fire
CTRL+ALT+DRAG LEFT MOUSE = rotate cube
CTRL+ALT+LEFT ARROW = rotate cube
CTRL+ALT+DOWN ARROW = flat desktop
SHIFT+ALT+UP = initiate window picker
CTRL+ALT+DOWN = unfold cube
ALT+TAB = window switch
SUPER+TAB = flip switcher or ring switcher, depending on which is enabled.
ALT+F7 = initiate ‘move windows’
SHIFT+F9 = water effect
SHIFT+F10 = slow animations
CTRL+ALT+D = show desktop
For Grouping and Tabbing:
SUPER+S = select single window
SUPER+T = tab group
SUPER+Left = change left tab
SUPER+Right = change right tab
SUPER+G = group windows
SUPER+U = ungroup windows
SUPER+R = remove group window
SUPER+C = close group
SUPER+X = ignore group
Hold the SUPER button then select the windows you want to group and then hit SUPER+G.
The SUPER key is the Windows key on most keyboards.
6 Some Screenshots
Here are some screenshots of Compiz Fusion in action:
- Compiz Fusion: http://www.compiz-fusion.org/
- Ubuntu: http://www.ubuntu.com/