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Enabling Compiz Fusion On An Ubuntu Classic 11.04 Desktop (GNOME) (NVIDIA GeForce 8200)


This tutorial shows how you can enable Compiz Fusion on an Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) desktop with the classic GNOME interface, i.e., no Unity (the system must have a 3D-capable graphics card – I’m using an NVIDIA GeForce 8200 here). With Compiz Fusion you can use beautiful 3D effects like wobbly windows or a desktop cube on your desktop.

This document comes without warranty of any kind! I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

 

1 Preliminary Note

I have tried this on a desktop computer with an NVIDIA GeForce 8200. It should work the same way with all other NVIDIA graphics cards.

Your system might tell you that additional drivers (e.g. the proprietary NVIDIA drivers) are available for installation, but normally you don’t need these. If you have selected Download updates while installing and Install this third-party software during the initial installation of the desktop, your system should use a graphics card driver that supports your graphics card’s 3D features. Should you find out that this is not the case, you can install the proprietary NVIDIA driver as shown in chapter two of this Ubuntu 10.10 tutorial: Enabling Compiz Fusion On An Ubuntu 10.10 Desktop (NVIDIA GeForce 8200).

 

2 Installing CompizConfig Settings Manager And Some Extra Compiz Plugins

Open the Synaptic Package Manager (System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager):

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Select the packages compizconfig-settings-manager

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… and compiz-plugins-extra and click on the Apply button to install them:

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3 Configuring Compiz Fusion

We will now configure Compiz Fusion. Please note that during the configuration process, you will most likely lose your window decorations, however this is nothing to worry about because after we have finished our configuration, we will log out and back in so that our configuration changes can take effect, and this will also bring back the window decorations.

To configure Compiz Fusion, you go to System > Preferences > CompizConfig Settings Manager:

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In the CompizConfig Settings Manager, go to General and click on the General Options button:

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Now go to the Desktop Size tab and change the settings from 2/2/1 to 4/1/1 (Horizontal Virtual Size: 4; Vertical Virtual Size: 1; Number of Desktops: 1) and click on the Back button:

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I will now show you the configuration settings that work for me. In the General section, I have enabled the following plugins: Composite, Gnome Compatibility, OpenGL:

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Under Accessibility, I have the Enhanced Zoom Desktop enabled:

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Under Desktop, please disable the Desktop Wall plugin first (you cannot enable the Desktop Cube plugin if the Desktop Wall is enabled at the same time), then check Desktop Cube (you might have to click twice to make the selection). A dialogue will come up – please click on Enable OpenGL:

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A second dialogue will come up – please click on Enable Composite:

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In addition to Desktop Cube, I also have the following plugins enabled in the Desktop section: Clone Output, Expo, Fade to Desktop, Rotate Cube, Viewport Switcher, Widget Layer:

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In the Effects section, when you want to check the Animations plugin, a dialogue will come up – please click on Enable Regex Matching:

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In addition to Animations, I have the following plugins enabled in the Effects section: 3D Windows, Animations Add-On, Bicubic Filter, Blur Windows, Cube Gears, Cube Reflection and Deformation, Fading Windows, Login/Logout, Motion blur, Reflection, Trailfocus, Water Effect, Window Decoration, Wobbly Windows:

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Under Extras, I have no plugins enabled:

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In the Image Loading section, I have checked the following plugins: JPEG, Png, Svg:

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Under Utility, I have checked the following plugins: Bailer, Compiz Library Toolbox, Mouse position polling, Regex Matching, Workarounds:

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Under Window Management, the following plugins are activated: Move Window, Resize Window, Static Application Switcher:

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Under Uncategorized, all plugins are disabled:

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Click on the Close button to leave the CompizConfig Settings Manager after you’ve made your configurations. For the changes to take effect, we need to log out of our current desktop session and log back in:

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4 Keyboard Shortcuts

Here’s a list of the most common Compiz Fusion keyboard shortcuts. If they work for you depends on what effects you enabled in the CompizConfig Settings Manager.

SUPER+SHIFT+DRAG LEFT MOUSE = draw fire
SUPER+SHIFT+C = clear fire
CTRL+ALT+DRAG LEFT MOUSE = rotate cube
CTRL+ALT+LEFT ARROW = rotate cube
CTRL+ALT+DOWN ARROW = flat desktop
SHIFT+ALT+UP = initiate window picker
CTRL+ALT+DOWN = unfold cube
ALT+TAB = window switch
SUPER+TAB = flip switcher or ring switcher, depending on which is enabled.
ALT+F7 = initiate ‘move windows’
SHIFT+F9 = water effect
SHIFT+F10 = slow animations
CTRL+ALT+D = show desktop

For Grouping and Tabbing:
SUPER+S = select single window
SUPER+T = tab group
SUPER+Left = change left tab
SUPER+Right = change right tab
SUPER+G = group windows
SUPER+U = ungroup windows
SUPER+R = remove group window
SUPER+C = close group
SUPER+X = ignore group
Hold the SUPER button then select the windows you want to group and then hit SUPER+G.

The SUPER key is the Windows key on most keyboards.

 

5 Some Screenshots

Here are some screenshots of Compiz Fusion in action (I apologize for the artifacts – these exist only in the screenshots, but not on the real desktop; I created the screenshots with Ubuntu’s Take Screenshot tool):

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The above desktop cylinder works only if you have enabled Cube Reflection and Deformation in the Effects section in the CompizConfig Settings Manager. If this plugin is not enabled, you will see the desktop cube instead:

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The above desktop cylinder works only if you have enabled Cube Reflection and Deformation in the Effects section in the CompizConfig Settings Manager. If this plugin is not enabled, you will see the desktop cube instead:

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The above desktop cylinder works only if you have enabled Cube Reflection and Deformation in the Effects section in the CompizConfig Settings Manager. If this plugin is not enabled, you will see the desktop cube instead:

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  • Compiz Fusion: http://www.compiz-fusion.org/
  • Ubuntu: http://www.ubuntu.com/

 

 

 

 

 

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