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How To Run USDownloader On Ubuntu Server 8.10


To run the best in automati? file share downloading – russian Universal Share Downloader (USD)  (http://www.dimonius.ru/) on a GUI-less (or, they say, headless) Linux server (in my case it’s Ubuntu Server 8.10) we will need four steps. The most complicated thing will be setting up the “fake” framebuffer version of X – Xvfb. The rest is easy.

Well, let’s go:

 

1) – SET UP XVFB, WINE and CABEXTRACT –

== Install Xvfb, wine and cabextract:

$ sudo apt-get install xvfb wine cabextract

Due to a minor packaging bug in xvfb (https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/xorg-server/+bug/294454) we need to compensate it by installing some additional packages:

$ sudo apt-get install xfs xfonts-scalable xfonts-100dpi

== Start Xvfb:

$ /usr/bin/X11/Xvfb :10.10 -screen 10 800x600x16 -ac -br -kb -c -fbdir /var/tmp/ &

** At this step you may get several errors with default Xorg configuration (due to mentioned bug in xvfb package) – so here are for reference my conf files:

$ cat /etc/X11/xorg.conf

# xorg.conf (X.Org X Window System server configuration file)
#
# This file was generated by dexconf, the Debian X Configuration tool, using
# values from the debconf database.
#
# Edit this file with caution, and see the xorg.conf manual page.
# (Type “man xorg.conf” at the shell prompt.)
#
# This file is automatically updated on xserver-xorg package upgrades *only*
# if it has not been modified since the last upgrade of the xserver-xorg
# package.
#
# If you have edited this file but would like it to be automatically updated
# again, run the following command:
# sudo dpkg-reconfigure -phigh xserver-xorg

Section “InputDevice”
Identifier “Generic Keyboard”
Driver “kbd”
Option “XkbRules” “xorg”
Option “XkbModel” “pc105”
Option “XkbLayout” “us,ru”
Option “XkbVariant” “,winkeys”
Option “XkbOptions” “grp:caps_toggle,grp_led:scroll”
EndSection

Section “InputDevice”
Identifier “Configured Mouse”
Driver “mouse”
Option “CorePointer”
EndSection

Section “Device”
Identifier “Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE Chipset Int egrated Graphics Device”
EndSection

Section “Monitor”
Identifier “LG”
EndSection

Section “Screen”
Identifier “Default Screen”
Device “Intel Corporation 82845G/GL[Brookdale-G]/GE Chipset Integrated Graph ics Device”
Monitor “LG”
DefaultDepth 16
SubSection “Display”
Viewport 0 0
Depth 16
Modes “800×600” “640×480”
EndSubSection
EndSection

Section “ServerLayout”
Identifier “Default Layout”
Screen “Default Screen”
EndSection

$ cat /etc/X11/xserver/SecurityPolicy

version-1

# $Xorg: SecurityPolicy,v 1.3 2000/08/17 19:47:56 cpqbld Exp $

# The site policy fields are interpreted by the XC-QUERY-SECURITY-1
# authorization protocol. The values are arbitrary and site-specific.
# Refer to the Security Extension Specification for the usage of the policies.
#sitepolicy A
#sitepolicy B
#sitepolicy C

# Property access rules:
# property <property> <window> <permissions>
# <window> ::= any | root | <propertyselector>
# <propertyselector> ::= <property> | <property>=<value>
# <permissions> :== [ <operation> | <action> | <space> ]*
# <operation> :== r | w | d
# r read
# w write
# d delete
# <action> :== a | i | e
# a allow
# i ignore
# e error

# Allow reading of application resources, but not writing.
property RESOURCE_MANAGER root ar iw
property SCREEN_RESOURCES root ar iw

# Ignore attempts to use cut buffers. Giving errors causes apps to crash,
# and allowing access may give away too much information.
property CUT_BUFFER0 root irw
property CUT_BUFFER1 root irw
property CUT_BUFFER2 root irw
property CUT_BUFFER3 root irw
property CUT_BUFFER4 root irw
property CUT_BUFFER5 root irw
property CUT_BUFFER6 root irw
property CUT_BUFFER7 root irw

# If you are using Motif, you probably want these.
property _MOTIF_DEFAULT_BINDINGS root ar iw
property _MOTIF_DRAG_WINDOW root ar iw
property _MOTIF_DRAG_TARGETS any ar iw
property _MOTIF_DRAG_ATOMS any ar iw
property _MOTIF_DRAG_ATOM_PAIRS any ar iw

# If you are running CDE you also need these
property _MOTIF_WM_INFO root arw
property TT_SESSION root irw
property WM_ICON_SIZE root irw
property “SDT Pixel Set” any irw

# The next two rules let xwininfo -tree work when untrusted.
property WM_NAME any ar

# Allow read of WM_CLASS, but only for windows with WM_NAME.
# This might be more restrictive than necessary, but demonstrates
# the <required property> facility, and is also an attempt to
# say “top level windows only.”
property WM_CLASS WM_NAME ar

# These next three let xlsclients work untrusted. Think carefully
# before including these; giving away the client machine name and command
# may be exposing too much.
property WM_STATE WM_NAME ar
property WM_CLIENT_MACHINE WM_NAME ar
property WM_COMMAND WM_NAME ar

# To let untrusted clients use the standard colormaps created by
# xstdcmap, include these lines.
property RGB_DEFAULT_MAP root ar
property RGB_BEST_MAP root ar
property RGB_RED_MAP root ar
property RGB_GREEN_MAP root ar
property RGB_BLUE_MAP root ar
property RGB_GRAY_MAP root ar

# To let untrusted clients use the color management database created
# by xcmsdb, include these lines.
property XDCCC_LINEAR_RGB_CORRECTION root ar
property XDCCC_LINEAR_RGB_MATRICES root ar
property XDCCC_GRAY_SCREENWHITEPOINT root ar
property XDCCC_GRAY_CORRECTION root ar

# To let untrusted clients use the overlay visuals that many vendors
# support, include this line.
property SERVER_OVERLAY_VISUALS root ar

== Set up the current display:

$ export DISPLAY=:10.10

Doublecheck it:

$ echo $DISPLAY

== Dance around to get Xvfb work correct (at least – wine-applications shouldn’t crash with critical error).

Minor errors (fonts-related and like) won’t shut down USDownloader.

Try to start, for example:

$ wine notepad.exe &

And check if it’s running:

$ ps -C notepad.exe
2) – SET UP IES4LINUX –

Follow the instructions from the respectable author (I guess step ?6 is the only we really need for Ubuntu 8.10): http://www.tatanka.com.br/ies4linux/page/Installation:Ubuntu
3) – SET UP WINDOWS SCRIPTING HOST (needed for .VBS) –

== Download this great script for automatic installation of windoze components on wine (big thanks to input of Dan Kegel, dank@kegel.com):

http://kegel.com/wine/winetricks

We need to hack this script a bit – removing with /Q option all unnecessary (in our headless 🙂 case) pop-ups with user action request (“Accept license terms” etc):

Change corresponding line from>

try $WINE “$WINETRICKS_CACHE”/vc6redistsetup_enu.exe “/T:`$WINE winepath -w “$WINETRICKS_TMP”`” /c $WINETRICKS_QUIET

to>

try $WINE “$WINETRICKS_CACHE”/vc6redistsetup_enu.exe “/T:`$WINE winepath -w “$WINETRICKS_TMP”`” /c /Q

Change corresponding line from>

$WINE “$WINETRICKS_CACHE”/vcredist.exe || true

to>

$WINE “$WINETRICKS_CACHE”/vcredist.exe /Q || true

change corresponding line from>

try $WINE “$WINETRICKS_CACHE”/WindowsXP-Windows2000-Script56-KB917344-x86-enu.exe $WINETRICKS_QUIET

to>

try $WINE “$WINETRICKS_CACHE”/WindowsXP-Windows2000-Script56-KB917344-x86-enu.exe /Q

== Install Windows Scripting Host (it’s necessary to run .vbs scripts in USD):

$ ./winetricks -v wsh56
4) – SET UP USDownloader itself –

== Download the recent portable blackmanos’ USD assembly (we need a JavaScript enabled browser here – assembly is placed on several file-sharing hostings):

http://forum.ru-board.com/topic.cgi?forum=5&topic=27428&start=20#19

Unpack assembly in windoze, copy it’s content to some Linux directory under wine (for me it’s ~/.wine/drive_c/usd).

== Create “windoze disk” u:\ as the soft link to the directory where we want USD to put downloaded files then (for my case – it’s /mm/usd):

$ cd ~/.wine/dosdevices
$ ln -s -T /mm/usd u:

== Correct corresponding paths in USDownloader.ini (and at this step let’s change USD’s default language to English – to read logs more easily on Linux):

[Main]
SelectLang=1
Language=USDownloader.eng.lng
SaveTo=u:\
SaveToItems=u:\

DefaultSaveToFolder=u:\

== Also in USDownloader.ini set up the USD webserver start:

[WebServer]
Enabled=1
Address=0.0.0.0
Port=8088
Login=YOURLOGIN
Password=YOURPASSWORD
Form.AddLink.Width=400
Form.AddLink.URL.Height=200
Form.AddLink.Descr.Height=100

YOURLOGIN and YOURPASSWORD, of course, should be yours. Don’t forget to open the mentioned port (8088 here) in your firewall for outbound connections – it will be the only way to manage USD.

== Start USDownloader:

wine C:\\usd\\USDownloader.exe &

Check if this process is running:

$ ps -C USDownloader.exe

== Use your favorite browser to log in to USD:

http://your.server.ip.address:8088

Check how the stuff works – add some download, simultaneously watching USD log:

$ tail -f ~/.wine/drive_c/usd/USDownloader.log

Downloads from deposit files work fine – therefore it seems that vbs-automation scripts work as they should. That’s it.

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