LAMP is short for Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP. This tutorial shows how
you can install an Apache2 webserver on a CentOS 5.5 server with PHP5 support (mod_php) and MySQL support.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
In this tutorial I use the hostname server1.example.com with the IP address 192.168.0.100. These settings might differ for you, so you have to replace them where appropriate.
2 Installing MySQL 5.0
To install MySQL, we do this:
yum install mysql mysql-server
Then we create the system startup links for MySQL (so that MySQL starts automatically whenever the system boots) and start the MySQL server:
chkconfig –levels 235 mysqld on
Set passwords for the MySQL root account:
[root@server1 ~]# mysql_secure_installation
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we’ll need the current
password for the root user. If you’ve just installed MySQL, and
you haven’t set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.
Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on…
Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.
Set root password? [Y/n] <– ENTER
New password: <– yourrootsqlpassword
Re-enter new password: <– yourrootsqlpassword
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] <– ENTER
Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from ‘localhost’. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] <– ENTER
By default, MySQL comes with a database named ‘test’ that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] <– ENTER
– Dropping test database…
– Removing privileges on test database…
Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] <– ENTER
All done! If you’ve completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.
Thanks for using MySQL!
3 Installing Apache2
Apache2 is available as a CentOS package, therefore we can install it like this:
yum install httpd
Now configure your system to start Apache at boot time…
chkconfig –levels 235 httpd on
… and start Apache:
Now direct your browser to http://192.168.0.100, and you should see the Apache2 placeholder page:
Apache’s default document root is /var/www/html on CentOS, and the configuration file is /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf. Additional configurations are stored in the /etc/httpd/conf.d/ directory.
4 Installing PHP5
We can install PHP5 and the Apache PHP5 module as follows:
yum install php
We must restart Apache afterwards:
5 Testing PHP5 / Getting Details About Your PHP5 Installation
The document root of the default web site is /var/www/html. We will now create a small PHP file (info.php) in that directory and call it in a browser. The file will display lots of useful details about our PHP installation, such as the installed PHP version.
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Now we call that file in a browser (e.g. http://192.168.0.100/info.php):
phpMyAdmin is a web interface through which you can manage your MySQL databases.
First we enable the RPMforge repository on our CentOS system as phpMyAdmin is not available in the official CentOS 5.5 repositories:
On x86_64 systems:
rpm -Uhv rpmforge-release-0.5.1-1.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm
On i386 systems:
rpm -Uhv rpmforge-release-0.5.1-1.el5.rf.i386.rpm
phpMyAdmin can now be installed as follows:
yum install phpmyadmin
Now we configure phpMyAdmin. We change the Apache configuration so that phpMyAdmin allows connections not just from localhost (by commenting out the <Directory “/usr/share/phpmyadmin”> stanza):
# # Web application to manage MySQL # #<Directory "/usr/share/phpmyadmin"> # Order Deny,Allow # Deny from all # Allow from 127.0.0.1 #</Directory> Alias /phpmyadmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin Alias /phpMyAdmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin Alias /mysqladmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin
Next we change the authentication in phpMyAdmin from cookie to http:
[...] /* Authentication type */ $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'http'; [...]
Afterwards, you can access phpMyAdmin under http://192.168.0.100/phpmyadmin/:
- Apache: http://httpd.apache.org/
- PHP: http://www.php.net/
- MySQL: http://www.mysql.com/
- CentOS: http://www.centos.org/
- phpMyAdmin: http://www.phpmyadmin.net/