Lighttpd is a secure, fast, standards-compliant web server designed for speed-critical environments. This tutorial shows how you can install Lighttpd on a Fedora 16 server with PHP5 support (through FastCGI) and MySQL support.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
In this tutorial I use the hostname server1.example.com with the IP address 192.168.0.100. These settings might differ for you, so you have to replace them where appropriate.
2 Installing MySQL 5
First we install MySQL 5 like this:
yum install mysql mysql-server
Then we create the system startup links for MySQL (so that MySQL starts automatically whenever the system boots) and start the MySQL server:
systemctl enable mysqld.service
systemctl start mysqld.service
Create a password for the MySQL user root (replace yourrootsqlpassword with the password you want to use):
[root@server1 ~]# mysql_secure_installation
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we’ll need the current
password for the root user. If you’ve just installed MySQL, and
you haven’t set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.
Enter current password for root (enter for none): <– ENTER
OK, successfully used password, moving on…
Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.
Set root password? [Y/n] <– ENTER
New password: <– yourrootsqlpassword
Re-enter new password: <– yourrootsqlpassword
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] <– ENTER
Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from ‘localhost’. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] <– ENTER
By default, MySQL comes with a database named ‘test’ that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] <– ENTER
– Dropping test database…
– Removing privileges on test database…
Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] <– ENTER
All done! If you’ve completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.
Thanks for using MySQL!
3 Installing Lighttpd
Lighttpd is available as a Fedora package, therefore we can install it like this:
yum install lighttpd
Then we create the system startup links for Lighttpd (so that Lighttpd starts automatically whenever the system boots) and start it:
systemctl enable lighttpd.service
systemctl restart lighttpd.service
Now direct your browser to http://192.168.0.100, and you should see the Lighttpd placeholder page:
Lighttpd’s default document root is /var/www/lighttpd on Fedora, and the configuration file is /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf.
4 Installing PHP5
We can make PHP5 work in Lighttpd through FastCGI. Therefore we install the packages lighttpd-fastcgi and php-cli:
yum install lighttpd-fastcgi php-cli
5 Configuring Lighttpd And PHP5
To enable PHP5 in Lighttpd, we must modify two files, /etc/php.ini and /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf. First we open /etc/php.ini and uncomment the line cgi.fix_pathinfo=1:
[...] ; cgi.fix_pathinfo provides *real* PATH_INFO/PATH_TRANSLATED support for CGI. PHP's ; previous behaviour was to set PATH_TRANSLATED to SCRIPT_FILENAME, and to not grok ; what PATH_INFO is. For more information on PATH_INFO, see the cgi specs. Setting ; this to 1 will cause PHP CGI to fix its paths to conform to the spec. A setting ; of zero causes PHP to behave as before. Default is 1. You should fix your scripts ; to use SCRIPT_FILENAME rather than PATH_TRANSLATED. ; http://www.php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.cgi.fix-pathinfo cgi.fix_pathinfo=1 [...]
Then we open /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf and make sure that “mod_fastcgi” is enabled:
[...] server.modules += ( "mod_fastcgi" ) [...]
Then, further down the file, there’s a fastcgi.server stanza which we uncomment as well:
[...] fastcgi.server = ( ".php" => ( "php-local" => ( "socket" => socket_dir + "/php-fastcgi-1.socket", "bin-path" => "/usr/bin/php-cgi", "max-procs" => 1, "broken-scriptfilename" => "enable", ) ), ( "php-tcp" => ( "host" => "127.0.0.1", "port" => 9999, "check-local" => "disable", "broken-scriptfilename" => "enable", ) ), ( "php-num-procs" => ( "socket" => socket_dir + "/php-fastcgi-2.socket", "bin-path" => "/usr/bin/php-cgi", "bin-environment" => ( "PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN" => "16", "PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS" => "10000", ), "max-procs" => 5, "broken-scriptfilename" => "enable", ) ), ) [...]
Make sure you change both bin-path lines to /usr/bin/php-cgi.
The socket directory translates to /var/lib/lighttpd/sockets/ which currently doesn’t exist, therefore we must create it as follows:
mkdir -p /var/lib/lighttpd/sockets/
chown -R lighttpd:lighttpd /var/lib/lighttpd/
… and activate the /etc/lighttpd/conf.d/fastcgi.conf file:
[...] ## ## FastCGI (mod_fastcgi) ## include "conf.d/fastcgi.conf" [...]
Then we restart Lighttpd:
systemctl restart lighttpd.service
6 Testing PHP5 / Getting Details About Your PHP5 Installation
The document root of the default web site is /var/www/lighttpd. We will now create a small PHP file (info.php) in that directory and call it in a browser. The file will display lots of useful details about our PHP installation, such as the installed PHP version.
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
Now we call that file in a browser (e.g. http://192.168.0.100/info.php):
As you see, PHP5 is working, and it’s working through FastCGI, as shown in the Server API line. If you scroll further down, you will see all modules that are already enabled in PHP5. MySQL is not listed there which means we don’t have MySQL support in PHP5 yet.
7 Getting MySQL Support In PHP5
To get MySQL support in PHP, we can install the php-mysql package. It’s a good idea to install some other PHP5 modules as well as you might need them for your applications. You can search for available PHP5 modules like this:
yum search php
Pick the ones you need and install them like this:
yum install php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc
Now restart Lighttpd:
systemctl restart lighttpd.service
Now reload http://192.168.0.100/info.php in your browser and scroll down to the modules section again. You should now find lots of new modules there, including the MySQL module:
- Lighttpd: http://www.lighttpd.net/
- PHP: http://www.php.net/
- MySQL: http://www.mysql.com/
- Fedora: http://fedoraproject.org/