This tutorial is supposed to show some features of the Enlightenment window manager as an alternative to the often used Gnome and KDE managers.
This document comes without warranty of any kind! I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
I will install Enlightenment on a desktop computer with Ubuntu 11.10 installed. Apart from the login screen however, all of the controls shown on the screenshots should be the same for every installation of enlightenment, whatever distribution you install it on. Enlightenment is already included in the Ubuntu repositories, therefore Ubuntu users and those of any Ubuntu derivatives won’t have any problems installing it. It is also available for download for most other distributions though.
2 Install Enlightenment
To install enlightenment from the Ubuntu repositories, open a terminal and enter following:
sudo apt-get install e17
After the installation, Enlightenment will be available from the list of window managers on the log in screen:
3 Start and Configure Enlightenment
To start Enlightenment, select it on the list of window managers and log into your account:
On first start, you will be asked to make a few configurations. First select a language from the ones installed on your machine:
Then select a profile for your desktop environment. Standart usually is a good choice for desktops and laptops, but don’t hesitate to read the others’ descriptions:
Now select a menu style. Since we are going to try out Enlightenment, pick Enlightenment (Applications) (you can still change this option later under Settings > Settings Panel > Menus > Menu Settings > System).
I have no idea what exactly the next screen does. Check it and click Next:
You can then add items to your first quick launch bar that will appear in the bottom center of the page. You can still add items later if you forget to do so now:
Upon the next click, you will be logged in. A message will appear, informing you about some file formats for themes and backgrounds:
This is what your new desktop looks like! You will notice that some (most) of the applications you have in your quick launcher do not have icons:
This is also the case in the application menu:
To change that, you have to apply one of the present themes from your installed system. Do so by opening the menu with the button on the far left and go to Settings > Settings Panel:
Head for the Look section and go to Icon Theme:
Select one of the themes and hit Apply:
Still, some applications may remain without any icon. To change that, assign one to them manually by right-clicking them on the quick launcher and going to Icon [application] > Properties:
Left-click on the great empty panel to browse for an icon:
The icons are usually stored in /usr/share/icons:
It is then applied to the application:
Enlightenment’s file manager EFM opens every new folder in a new window by default:
If this irritates you, it might be a good idea to install another file manager such as Nautilus, which is already installed by default if you are on a Ubuntu machine. Select it as startup application by navigating the menu to Settings > Settings Panel. Go to the Apps section and click Startup Application. On the Selection tab, search for the Files entry with the Nautilus logo:
Nautilus will then run over EFM as long as it is active and maximized. Nautilus will bring along the default Ubuntu 11.10 wallpaper but of course you can change it back to something more eye-pleasing:
4 Use Enlightenment
As you will have already noticed, Enlightenment’s main way of navigation is the quick launch bar (shelf) at the bottom of the screen (this can be moved or additional bars can be added if one should not be enough).
1. Menu Button: Here you can access the most important functions of the system. Applications, Settings, etc. The main menu can also be accessed by left-clicking on the desktop once if you have the EFM enabled.
2. Desktops: The window switcher to switch between your desktops with a click.
3. Minimized Windows: All minimized windows go here. Click once to maximize.
4. Quick Launcher: You can fix applications here to have quick access on them.
5. Gadgets: Gadgets like battery charge level or temperature and performance are stored here.
Another interesting feature of Enlightenment is that when you call a new window, for example while browsing settings, the cursor automatically goes to the center of the new window by default. This may take some time to get used to but actually is quite a useful feature for lazy people.
The main menu is organised as most menus you may have seen on other window managers before:
Applications, settings and everything else is well ordered in the icon on the far left of the shelf.