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The Perfect Desktop – PC-BSD 1.5


This document describes how to set up PC-BSD v1.5. This release is based upon FreeBSD 6.3 and uses KDE 3.5.8 as default desktop environment. Taken from the PC-BSD page: PC-BSD is a complete desktop operating system, which has been designed with the “casual” computer user in mind. It offers the stability and security that only a BSD-based operating system can bring, while as the same time providing a comfortable user experience, allowing you to get the most out of your computing time. With PC-BSD you can spend less time working to fix viruses or spyware and instead have the computer work for you.

This howto is a practical guide without any warranty – it doesn’t cover the theoretical backgrounds. There are many ways to set up such a system – this is the way I chose.

 

1 Install Media

The install media is available at http://www.pcbsd.org/content/view/21/11/ .

 

2 Installation

Simply hit “Enter” to start the installation.

inst_1

An installation wizard will guide you through the setup process. Select your language, keyboard layout and timezone.

inst_2

Read the license agreement and mark the corresponding checkbox if you agree with it.

inst_3

Select “Fresh install” as install type.

inst_4

First enter a password for the root account. After that create one or more useraccounts. For security reasons you should unmark the checkbox for autologin.

inst_useracc

Select the hard drive that you want to use for the installation. If you want to make a custom partition layout you should mark the corresponding checkbox.

inst_5

If you marked the checkbox for a custom partition layout you’ll see this window – edit the partition layout to your needs.

inst_6

Here you can select one or more software packages – simply mark a package and move it with a click on an arrow.

inst_7

At this point the system is ready for the installation.

inst_8

The system is being installed.

inst_9

If you selected one or more software packages you have to insert the second CD.

inst_10

The extra software packages are being installed.

inst_11

Now the setup is complete – remove the install media and reboot the system.

inst_12

3 First Start

After the installation, during the first startup, you have to select your desired screen resolution, color depth and the video driver.

firstboot_1

Optional you can adjust the settings for the horizontal synchronization and the vertical refresh.

firstboot_2

Afterwards you can log in with your useraccount. Optional you can adjust some session related settings at the bottom on the right.

login

KDE is starting.

kde_start

Welcome to your desktop.

welcome

4 Basic Configuration

4.1 Services

The service settings are available in the KDE settings menu.

services_1

Enter the root password.

services_2

Here you can adjust the service settings – which services should run by default etc. As example, if you don’t want/need to access the system via SSH you should disable and stop SSH and Denyhosts.

services_3

4.2 Firewall

The firewall settings are available in the KDE settings menu.

firewall_1

Enter the root password.

firewall_2

Here you can adjust the firewall settings. As example, if you don’t want to create samba shares on your system you should close the ports 137, 138, 139 and 445. If you want to access the system via SSH you have to open port 22 (tcp).

firewall_3

4.3 System Update

Everytime when system updates are available, the green checkmark on the KDE panel …

updates_1.1

… will switch to a yellow exclamation mark. Double click on the symbol to show details.

updates_1

The system updater will show you available system updates …

updates_2

… and available updates for your PBI files.

updates_3

You can adjust the settings for the system updater on the third tab.

updates_4

Mark the updates that you want to install and click on “Install selected updates”.

updates_5

The updates are being downloaded and installed.

updates_6

You’ll get a notification when the update process is finished.

updates_7

5. PBI Files

A PBI file contains a setup file and all libraries necessary for a full installation. So you won’t ever get trouble with dependencies.

5.1 Installation

PBI files are available at http://www.pbidir.com/. Simply download a PBI file that you want to install. For example I chose to install the VLC media player.

pbi_inst_1

Double click on the PBI file to start the installation. First you have to enter the root password.

pbi_inst_2

An installation wizard will guide you through the setup process.

pbi_inst_3

Next you have to choose the installation directory – if there’s no special reason you should choose the default.

pbi_inst_4

In the next window you can select if the installaer shall create icons in the start menu and/or on the desktop.

pbi_inst_5

The PBI file is being installed.

pbi_inst_6

Finished.

pbi_inst_7

5.2 Deinstallation

The software management is available in the KDE settings menu.

pbi_deinst_1

Enter the root password.

pbi_deinst_2

Simply mark the PBI file that you want to deinstall and click on “Remove”.

pbi_deinst_3

6 Installed Software (main)

6.1 Multimedia

  • Amarok (audio player)
  • KMPlayer (video player)
  • Kaffeine (audio/video player)

 

6.2 Graphics

  • KPovModeler (create POV-Ray scenes)
  • KolourPaint (easy to use paint program)

 

6.3 Internet

  • KMail (email client)
  • KSirc (IRC client)
  • Konqueror (file/web browser)
  • Kopete (instant messenger)

 

6.4 System

  • Compiz Fusion (desktop effects)

7 Additional Software

7.1.1 Microsoft True Type Fonts

Some fonts, including Arial, Times New Roman and Verdana for example.

msfonts

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/83

 

7.1.2 Sun’s JAVA JRE

Sun’s JAVA adds full JAVA support to your system.

java

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/41

 

7.1.3 Open Office

Homepage: http://www.openoffice.org/

A full featured office suite.

openoffice

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/65

 

7.2 Optional

7.2.1 Firefox

Homepage: http://www.mozilla-europe.org/en/

A widely used web browser.

firefox

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/49

 

7.2.2 Gimp

Homepage: http://www.gimp.org/

With this software you can edit images and photos.

gimp

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/28

 

7.2.3 K3B

Homepage: http://www.k3b.org/

K3B is a burning suite with a lot of features.

k3b

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/46

 

7.2.4 Wine

Homepage: http://www.winehq.org/

Taken from the Wine Homepage: “Wine is an Open Source implementation of the Windows API on top of X, OpenGL, and Unix”.

With wine you can run a lot of windows software on linux. A list of software that is known to work on wine can be found at http://appdb.winehq.org/.

wine

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/11

 

7.2.5 FileZilla

Homepage: http://filezilla-project.org/

Filezilla is a ftp-client with many features – supporting FTP, FTPS and SFTP.

filezilla

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/12

 

7.2.6 Digikam

Homepage: http://www.digikam.org/

Digikam is a photo management software.

digikam

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/97

 

7.2.7 Inkscape

Homepage: http://www.inkscape.org/

Inkscape is a vector graphics editor.

inkscape

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/31

 

7.2.8 Audacity

Homepage: http://audacity.sourceforge.net/

Audacity is a software to edit audio files.

audacity

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/32

 

7.2.9 Ktorrent

Homepage: http://ktorrent.org/

Ktorrent is an easy to use bittottent client.

ktorrent

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/37

 

7.2.10 PDFEdit

Homepage: http://sourceforge.net/projects/pdfedit

With PDFEdit you can manipulate PDF documents.

pdfedit

PBI: http://www.pbidir.com/bt/pbi/39

 

  • PC-BSD: http://www.pcbsd.org/

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