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What is SQL

  • SQL stands for Structured Query Language.
  • It is designed for managing data in a relational database management system (RDBMS).
  • It is pronounced as S-Q-L or sometime See-Qwell.
  • SQL is a database language, it is used for database creation, deletion, fetching rows and modifying rows etc.
  • SQL depends on relational algebra and tuple relational calculus.

All DBMS like MySQL, Oracle, MS Access, Sybase, Informix, Postgres and SQL Server use SQL as standard database language.

Why SQL is required

SQL is required:

  • To create new databases, tables and views
  • To insert records in a database
  • To update records in a database
  • To delete records from a database
  • To retrieve data from a database

What SQL does

  • With SQL, we can query our database in a numbers of ways, using English-like statements.
  • With SQL, user can access data from relational database management system.
  • It allows user to describe the data.
  • It allows user to define the data in database and manipulate it when needed.
  • It allows user to create and drop database and table.
  • It allows user to create view, stored procedure, function in a database.
  • It allows user to set permission on tables, procedure and view.